Dati Wolel National park is among the few youngest protected areas in the western tropical forest belt of the country with a unique ecosystem and diversified faunal resources. The park was established in 1998 and it covers 431 square kilometers (166 sq mi). More than half of the area of the park is covered by wanted and followed by the woodland, and riverine forest covers the least. The park was initially designated as a controlled hunting area. However, as there was no well-established regulation for such activity associated with poor enforcement of the existing legislation, the mammalian resources were severely threatened. To correct these problems, the area was upgraded to the regional park level in 2008. and to the national park status with all the logistics in 2010. However, beyond the observational records, no attempts were made to assess the faunal diversity of the area, particularly of the most vulnerable larger and medium-sized mammals.
knowledge of faunal diversity records, their abundance, and the preferred habitats are basics for the status determination and to propose appropriate conservation measures. In particular, medium and large-sized mammals are intolerant for human interference and remain the best indicators for most isolated healthy habitats.