Ethiopian history goes back so far into the past that what is said of its beginnings cannot be proved. But neither can it be disproved. The name of its founder, according to the most reliable records, was Cush. The date of its founding is set at 6280 B.C., which is three times as long as from the birth of Christ to the present time a total of 8200 years.
It had two capitals, Nepata and Meore, whose might ruins still stand. Ethiopians are known to the Egyptians as the land of ksh (Cush)r. The word, Ethiopia, like the word, Egypt, is of Greek origin and came into use much later. The Egyptian called their land, Khemi. The Ethiopian probably called themselves Nubians. This part of Ethiopia is now part of Sudan.
Another Ethiopia is also extended to the southeast to the Red sea. This was Habashat- the Abaseni (Abyssinia) of the Greeks-and was a part of a province of the first. It might have been it mother-land. This part of Ethiopia was also founded by Cush, and its capital was Axum, whose relics also speak of the mighty past. Later these two Ethiopians seemed to have drifted apart of the mighty past. Later these two Ethiopias seemed to have drifted apart for the fourth Century A.D. the Abyssinian Ethiopia the Nubian one.
Ethiopia, in its earliest history, included not only Africa but Southern Asia as far as India, according to Herodotus(525-484 B.c). So-called Negro peoples predominated then in Asia Minor. Nimord, the mighty hunter, a son of Cush, was the founder of the Assyrian Empire. In Southern Arabia, Southern India, Siam, as far as Australia and the island of the Pacific, the Ngroid type prevailed and still does. Prof. Dorsey, one of the foremost and most realistic of its modern anthropologist says,
“Wherever the Indian Ocean touches land it finds dark skinned people with strong devloped jaws, relativly long arm, and kinky and frizzy hair, called them the Indean Ocean, or Negroid division of the human race”
Ethiopia is generally believed by most ancient scholars to have been first of the nations and the mother of civilization. Modern scholars, basing their opinion on excavation, generally deny this. But since much of it yet to be discovered, and since the ancient scholars nearer the event, it seems logical to give them a benefit of the doubt until such time as the modern scholars have filled the gaps in their records.
Further, it is not likely the civilization might have come from Ethiopians of Asia rather than from Africa. In any case, there is at least one proved connection between the two Ethiopians, namely, the written language of modern Ethiopia Geez is driven from Meroitic, or ancient Ethiopian.
Major Highlight of Ethiopian History
The first king of Abyssinian Ethiopia was Ori, 4470 B.C. Emperor Haile Selassie was the 334th. Modern Ethiopians have connected the list of their king since Ori.
1270 B.C. Memmon King of Ethiopia, left Susa, his capital in Persia, with an army of 200,000 men (half white, and a half-black) to go to the aid of his uncle. King Priam, in the famous Trojan War.
981 B.C. Makeda, Queen Sheba, visited king Solomon of Judea. 955 B.C. Their son Minilik I mounted the throne of Ethiopia
944 B.C. Zera King of Ethiopia, invaded Egypt and Palestine with the army of 1,000,000 men (according to the bible) and is beaten back by disease and the armies of Asa, king of Judea.
Ethiopia was for a long time dominated by Egypt. But in 721 B.C. her king Piankhi conquered Egypt to the mouth of the Nile. In 712 B.C Sabacon, son in law of Pianki established the XXV or Ethiopian Dynasty in Egypt. Taharka a nephew of Sabacon extended Ethiopian mastery in Assyrian, and for a time gave the world mastery, but defeated by Assyrians he retreated up the Nile to the original Ethiopian domains.
In 525 B.C. Cambyses, the Persian king invaded Ethiopia and was repulsed by Nastasen.
30 B.C. the Romans invaded Ethiopia and destroyed the capital, Nepeta.
20 B.C. Candace III, ruler of Ethiopia invaded Egypt and pillaged Thebes.
70 A.D. Jude, the eunuch of CandaceVI, baptized by Apostle Philip. In the same year, Queen Candace VI established Christianity at her capital, Aksum making Ethiopia the first Christian Nation.
341 A.D Christianity Restored by Abrha and St Frumentius.
524 A.D the Ethiopian invaded Arabia and captured Yemen.
569A. D. the Ethiopian attacked Mecca and are repulsed. From this event started a world war that lasted more than a thousand years.
601 A.D. The Ethiopians ware driven back across the Red Sea, later to lose all their coastline to the Arabs.
937 A. D. Yodit (Judith) Queen of the Falash seized the Ethiopian throne and rule for 40 years.
977 A.D. King St. Tekle Haymanot overthrew Queen Yodit and restored the dynasty of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.
1192 A.D. King Lalibela built the famous rock-hewn church of Last.
1434 A.D King Yara Yakob sent envoys to the council of Florence Italy.
1442 A.D Pedro de Covilham, envoy of John II, King of Portugal, visited Eskinder II, King of Ethiopia.
1529 A.D. The war of the centuries Ethiopia and Mohanned Gragn invaded Ethiopia.
1544 A.D. The Ethiopian aided by the Portuguese, defeated the invading force and killed their leader Gragn.
1649 A.D. King Fasildas drove the Portuguese off Ethiopia.
1843 A.D Sahel Selassie,”The Great” made a treaty France.
1867 A.D. the British army of 15,000 strong invaded Ethiopia to free white missionaries.
1896 A.D King Minilik II defeated the Italian at the battle of Adwa.
1923 A.D. Ethiopia entered the League of Nation
1930 A.D. Ras Tafari crowned Emperor of Ethiopia (became King Haile Selassie).
1934 A.D. Italy invaded Ethiopia once again, which lasted 5 five years of an atrocious act against the civilian and gorilla style war from the Ethiopian side.
1939 A.D. the Ethiopian with the help of the British drove off the Fascist Italian from once again.
Source The Real Fact about Ethiopia